logo-tucanos-peru-travel

Contact Us:

(+51 - 84) 506244
This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

GENERAL INFORMATION

CAPITAL CITY
 Lima, located in the central Pacific coast.

GEOGRAPHY
Peru is crossed from south to north by the Andes which bring a rich variety of ecosystems and climates.
Peru is one of the 7 most biodiversity countries on earth, located in the third position. It can be founded 84 of the life zones that exist on earth. Peru is home for more than 400 mammal species, 300 reptiles,1700 birds and more than 50,000 plants.

AREA
With an area of 1,285,215 square km, Peru is the third-largest country in South America after Brazil and Argentina.

Peru also holds sway over the sea up to 200 miles from the Peruvian coast and has territorial rights to an area of 60 million hectares in the Antarctic.

Population: 27.000.000 inhabitants.

  • Urban: 72,3%
  • Rural: 27,7 %

TIME ZONE
Peru is in the same zone as U.S. EST, which is 5 hours behind GMT (Greenwich Mean Time). Peru does not use day light saving time

ELECTRICITY
Most outlets are Type A and Type C, that is they will accept either plug, however sometimes they will either be Type A or C and will not accept the other style. It's uncommon to find grounded outlets (Type B) but you may come across them occasionally. It's not recommended to adapt a three pin plug for use in a two pin outlet.

CURRENCY
 Peruvian Soles: USD 1 = S/.2.50 soles.

LANGUAGE
 Peru has two official languages: Spanish and Quechua. English is spoken at four and five star hotels and most of tourist shops. Aymara is spoken in some areas of the region of Lake Titicaca. Many other dialects exist in the jungle regions.

WEATHER
 Peru's climate is markedly different among its three vastly different regions:
The coast, the climate is mild, and it hardly ever rains. The hottest months are between December and February, when the temperature reaches 28ºC or 29ºC (84ºF). The coldest months are July and August, when the temperature ranges between 13ºC and 19ºC (55ºF to 66ºF) with is a persistent mist, particularly in Lima and the central coast, which dissipates towards the northern coast. The climate is warmer from Trujillo onwards and in Piura and Tumbes one can even bathe in the sea in those months. The weather also improves inland to 600 meters above sea level, half an hour from Lima.

In the Andes highlands is dry and sunny all year round, although the nights are cool - the higher the altitude, the colder the temperature. Arequipa seems to have an eternal mild summer, whereas in Cusco the air is much cooler. The coldest weather is in Puno, because it is at a higher altitude. The ideal months for visiting the Sierra are between May and October, as the rainy season is from December to March and even though these are the warmest months (19º - 25ºC, 66º-77ºF) when the fields are always green and the sun shines most of the day, avalanches can make traveling by road difficult.

The Jungle region is always very hot, 30ºC (86ºF)in August and about 35ºC (95ºF) between December and April. It rains all year round, although sometimes they are only brief showers. Peru can be visited throughout the year due to its pleasant climate in the various regions.